Across France, Northern Italy and Northern Spain many hundreds of Romanesque churches feature sculptures of interlaced patterns.
The Nativity & Assumption of Mary are subjects that are frequently illustrated in art of the Romanesque and pre-Romanesque period. Much of the imagery is taken from books that are not part of the Bible and which were banned as heretical. The article examines the origins of such imagery.
The artists and sculptors of the Romanesque period took many of their motifs from models seen on surviving Roman remains. This article provides examples.
Liturgical requirements have, over the centuries, led to changes in the lay-out of the interiors of churches. The article illustrates examples of this by examining some chancel screens from the the end of the Roman Empire up to the 12th century.
From Northern Italy through Switzerland and down to the Rhone Valley, across the Languedoc and into Northern Spain, many Romanesque and pre-Romanesque churches share the same decorative form – the Lombard band.
This short article examines how the medieval pilgrimage to Santiago may have been the ‘vehicle’ that enabled the decorative arch to spread from Northern Spain to France, and particularly to the West of France.
The Romanesque sculptors were remarkably observant of nature around them. They carved birds on their capitals and around windows and doors as decoration. But many birds had special symbolism in the Middle Ages.
From ancient times builders have embellished their buildings by adding colour contrasts to the stonework. This article focuses on its use in some Romanesque churches.
Examples of 12th century metalwork have survived in many mediaeval churches, especially in the Pyrenees.
Few people looking at looking at the solid but graceful medieval churches spare a thought for the anonymous men who built these marvels. But many of these anonymous people have left, not their names (except in a few rare occasions), but a distinctive mark that they could claim as ‘their mark’.
Roman sarcophagi were still plentiful in the Romanesque period. Sculptors of the Romanesque period would have found on them valuable models for their sculptures.