Articles on Romanesque & Pre-Romanesque in Spain


Romanesque Cloisters in Catalan Churches

This long article describes the Romanesque cloisters in medieval Catalonia. It looks at sources of influence and makes comparisons between the sculptural styles to be seen.

From Visigoth to Gothic

This long article illustrates the development of Romanesque sculpture in Spain, tracing it from roots in Visigoth art.

An Introduction to a Catalan Heritage

There are more than 500 Romanesque churches and chapels in Catalonia. This heritage requires a short explanation.

Two Romanesque Churches in Soria

Soria has a number of Romanesque churches; this short article describes two of them.

Romanesque door at Gandesa, in ‘New’ Catalonia

Gandesa, on the South edge of Catalonia, had a late Romanesque church. The article contains an analysis of the sculptures around the doorway.

A Hidden Pyrenean Valley – The Vall de Boi

The Vall de Boi was, until recent times, cut off from the outside world. Preserved in the churches was a remarkable Romanesque heritage.

Romanesque Painting in Andorra

Despite its isolated situation and the modest size of the population in medieval times, artists working in the Principality of Andorra created a rich artistic tradition that fused the local and external influences. This Romanesque heritage was to survive until the 20th century when many of the surviving murals were removed and dispersed to museums and private collections outside Andorra.

Romanesque Painting in Catalonia – The Artists of Sant Pere de Sorpe

The church of Sant Pere de Sorpe was severely damaged in the 17th century, damage that resulted in the loss of the murals in the choir. The surviving murals from the triumphal arches to the choir and from the nave were moved to the MNAC, Barcelona in the early 20th century.

Romanesque Painting in Catalonia – The Master of Pedret

The small church of Sant Quirze de Pedret was decorated with both Pre-Romanesque & Romanesque murals. This article examines the style of the artists and looks at other churches that have Romanesque murals with related characteristics.

Romanesque Painting in Catalonia – The Osormort Circle

Catalonia has a remarkable inventory of Romanesque paintings. This article examines the works associated with one of the Masters who worked at the 11th church of Sant Sadurni d’Osormort, near Vic.

Romanesque Painting in Catalonia – The Artists at Taüll and their influences

In the foothills of the Pyrenees at the village of Taüll there are two churches that had Romanesque murals of outstanding quality. This article examines the style of the artists and refers to other churches in Catalonia and other areas of Northern Spain that have Romanesque murals with related characteristics.

Romanesque Painting in Catalonia – The Master of Sant Pere de la Seu

The Cathedral of La Seu d’Urgell was the dominant influence across the Cerdagne plateau and across the valleys of the Western Pyrenees. This article looks at the murals that once decorated the choir of the Chapel of Sant Pere de la Seu and considers where else the artist influenced painting styles.

The Mozarabs – Their Architecture and Art

The Mozarabs provided a cultural link between the earlier Visigoth Christian art and that of the Christian kingdoms of the North of Spain. This article illustrates their art and influences.

Romanesque Churches in the Cerdagne

The Cerdagne is an isolated plateau in the East Pyrenees. Its isolation has allowed the survival of a remarkable Romanesque heritage – churches, sculptures, mural paintings, painted objects and metalwork.

Medieval Girona

Girona, in the North of Catalonia, has a remarkable Romanesque heritage.

The Development of the Horseshoe Arch in Christian Spain

The Horseshoe arch is a well known feature of Islamic Spain, especially at the Great Mosque, the Mezquita,  at Cordoba. It was unsurprising that this elegant form should have been ‘exported’ to the Christian kingdoms of the North.

Visions of Splendour – Islamic Art in Spain

Much of Spain was ruled by Islamic rulers for more than 700 years. Their art has left a distinctive mark on the art of Spain in subsequent centuries.

A Vanished World – The Jewish Experience in Spain

A Jewish presence in Spain was recorded in the first centuries of our era. Despite severe restrictions and persecution they survived and even flourished until their brutal expulsion in 1492. This article looks at their contribution to Spanish culture and society and reflects on how it failed to influence future events in Europe and beyond..

Santillana del Mar, cloister, West gallery, cap 2b

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